What defines a Criminal Record in Illinois?
A criminal record is an official document that records a person’s criminal history. The information assembles updated local, county and state jurisdictions, trial courts, courts of appeals as well as county and state correctional facilities. The standard for criminal record collection and storage varies from county to county. The majority of Illinois criminal records are online record depositories that are available to the public in the form of a Criminal Background Report. These reports recognize a number of courts, police departments, and the official Illinois State Records Online Database.
The amount of criminal records information presented on StateRecords.org will vary from person to person as well as what resources used to collect the information.
Different sources often have non-standardized state level protocols, storage classifications, requirements, organization and digitization processes.
Criminal records in the state of Illinois generally include the following subjects.
Illinois Arrest Records
An arrest record is an official document providing information about a person that questioned, apprehended, taken into custody, placed in detention, or held for investigation. You can be charged with, indicted or tried for any felony, misdemeanor or other offense by any law enforcement or military authority. In Illinois an arrest is made by a real restraint of the person or by his submission to custody; the restraining done by a law enforcement officer, Illinois Compiled Statutes
. An arrest is made anywhere within the jurisdiction of the State.
Illinois Arrest warrant
An arrest warrant is an official document that is issued by a judge or magistrate on behalf of the local and state jurisdictions, which authorizes a police officer to arrest or detain the person or people named in the warrant or to search and seize the individual’s property. In Connecticut, the police can arrest a person for committing a crime without an arrest warrant, 2005 Connecticut Code - Sec. 54-1f.
This might happen only the cases when the person commits the crime in an officer’s presence.
A misdemeanor is a non-indictable offense and is generally less severe than felonies; however, like felonies, a misdemeanor charge is classified by a number-based system designed to describe the severity of the alleged crime. A misdemeanor in Illinois is any crime that is punishable by a term of less than one year in local or county jail, Illinois Compiled Statutes
. Illinois lawmakers have designated misdemeanors as Class A, B, or C.
A felony offense is a criminal conviction with a maximum sentence of more than 1 year, to be served in a county jail or state prison. In some cases, a felony conviction can even be punished by death. In Illinois, felonies are those crimes that are punishable by the death penalty or a term of one year or more in state prison, Illinois Compiled Statutes
. Murder in Illinois is punishable by the death penalty, life imprisonment, or a prison term of four to 100 years.
Illinois Sex Offender Listing
A sex offender listing is a registry of persons convicted of committing a sex crime that is often accessible by the public. In most cases, jurisdictions compile their laws into sections, such as traffic, assault and sexual. Judges are given discretion as to whether they need registration for crimes besides the charges listed under the sex offender registration law, Sex Offender Compliance
. A judge may order an adult to register as a sex offender if the crime they were convicted of involves sexual motivation.
Illinois Serious Traffic Violation
A serious traffic violation tends to involve willful disregard for public safety, death, serious bodily injury, damage to property and multiple minor traffic violations. In Illinois, traffic ticket fines, court costs, and surcharges vary by violation and county court. On top of all the fines and surcharges, the IL Secretary of State (SOS) may add points to your Illinois driving record. In serious cases, you could have your license suspended, revoked, or canceled.
Illinois Conviction Records
A conviction record is an official document providing information that a person was found guilty, pleaded guilty or pleaded no contest against criminal charges in a civilian or military court. These criminal charges are classified as a felony, misdemeanor or other offense. Conviction includes a person judged as a delinquent or has been less than honorably discharged or placed on probation, fined, imprisoned or paroled. A criminal conviction is rendered by either a jury of peers or a judge in a court of law. A conviction does not include a final judgment by a pardon, set aside, reversed or otherwise rendered inoperative.
Illinois Jail and Inmate Records
Jail and inmate records are official documents of information about a person’s current and sometimes passed inmate status. A person who is in jail or considered an inmate is someone who deprived of their civil liberties and is on trial for a crime or is serving, which maintains an inmate database that is often searchable online a prison sentence after being convicted of a crime. Most states have a Department of Corrections, IDOC - About Us
. These records often include the inmate’s name, incarceration date, expected a release date, convicted offense and sometimes photos.
Illinois Parole Information
Parole records are an official document that includes information about the release of a prisoner who agreed to certain conditions before completion of their maximum sentence. While the prisoner is on supervised parole, the board shall need a condition of parole that they pay a monthly supervision fee of not less than $30, unless the board agrees to accept a lower fee after determining inability of the prisoner to pay. The board may also impose any conditions of parole it seems right to make sure the best interests of the prisoner and the citizens of Illinois are served.
Illinois Probation Records
Probation records are official documents that show when a person receives probation as an alternative to prison. Probation allows people convicted of a crime in Illinois to serve their sentences out of custody, as long as they follow probation conditions imposed by the judge and probation officer Probation Rules in Illinois
. Probation is issued in proportion to the crime, so the length and nature of probation differ (sometimes drastically) from case to case. Probation typically falls into three categories: minimally supervised, supervised and intensive – an intensive is a form of very strict probation that has conditions that vary from state to state but that emphasize punishment and control of the offender within the community.
Illinois Juvenile Criminal Records
A juvenile criminal record is an official record of information about criminal activity committed by children or adolescents who are not yet of legal adult age. Juveniles are not considered convicted of a crime like an adult but instead, are found “adjudicated delinquent”. These criminal records are often mistakenly erased or expunged once a person becomes of legal adult age, but in fact, the record remains unless the person petitions to have it expunged. If a person was found adjudicated delinquent to a criminal offense, they do not have to respond “yes” if asked whether they have ever been convicted of a crime, unless the question specifically asks if they were ever adjudicated delinquent as well.
Illinois History and Accuracy of Criminal Records
The accuracy of the data of criminal records depends on the recordkeeping and technological capabilities of the jurisdiction where the record was assembled and later digitized. Illinois criminal records archives usually tend to go back as far as the 1970s when criminal and arrest data centralized and compiled into an organized database much like we use today. Accuracy was more commonly affected by a human error in the past, but in the 1990s the quality and accuracy of record keeping improved exponentially due to the advent of the computer, so the information provides on StateRecords.org will vary from person to person.
Illinois Megan’s Law
Megan's Law is the term for state laws that create and keep up a sex offender registry, which provides information on registered sex offenders to the public. The first Megan's Law appeared after the rape and murder of 7-year-old New Jersey resident Megan Kanka by a sex offender who lived in the girl's own neighborhood. Soon after passage of this first Megan's Law, the federal government requires all states set up sex offender registries and offer the public with information about those registered. The sex offender registry has its individual regulations in the state of Illinois, Find Sex Offenders
Any adult or juvenile found guilty of any of the following offenses and attempts to commit any of the following offenses: forcible detention, if the victim is under 18 years of age, sexual exploitation of a child, sexual relations within families, exploitation of a child is required to register.