What defines a Criminal Record in Illinois?
A criminal record is an official document that records a person’s criminal history. The information is assembled from local, county and state jurisdictions as well as trial courts, courts of appeals and county and state correctional facilities.
While the standard for criminal record collection and storage varies from county to county, a large percentage of Illinois criminal records are organized in online record depositories that are available to the public in the form of a Criminal Background Report. This report is accessed through a number of courts, police departments, and the official Illinois State Records Online Database.
The amount of criminal records information presented on StateRecords.org varies from person to person. This is because different sources often have non-standardized state level protocols, storage classifications, requirements, organization and digitization processes for data collection. Criminal records in the state of Illinois generally include the following subjects:
Illinois Arrest Records
An arrest record is an official document providing information about a person that is questioned, apprehended, taken into custody, placed in detention, or held for investigation. It may also include information about a person charged with, indicted or tried for any felony, misdemeanor or other offense by any law enforcement or military authority.
Illinois Arrest warrant
An arrest warrant is an official document that is issued by a judge or magistrate on behalf of the local and state jurisdictions. it authorizes a police officer to arrest or detain the person or people named in the warrant or to search and seize the individual’s property. In line with the Illinois code of criminal procedure
, a police officer may also make arrests if he/she has reasonable grounds to believe that the person is committing or has committed an offense.
A misdemeanor is a non-indictable offense that is generally less severe than felonies. However, like felonies, a misdemeanor charge is classified by a number-based system designed to describe the severity of the alleged crime. Designated as Class A, B, or C, misdemeanors in Illinois
are punishable by a term of less than one year in local or county jail.
A felony offense is a criminal conviction with a maximum sentence of more than 1 year, to be served in a county jail or state prison. In some cases, a felony conviction in Illinois can even be punished by death. Murder in Illinois is punishable by the death penalty, life imprisonment, or a prison term of four to 100 years.
Illinois Sex Offender Listing
A sex offender listing is a registry of persons convicted of committing a sex crime that is often accessible by the public. In most cases, jurisdictions compile their laws into sections, such as traffic, assault and sexual. Judges are given discretion as to whether they need registration for crimes besides the charges listed under the sex offender registration act
. A judge may order an adult to register as a sex offender if the crime they were convicted of involves sexual motivation.
Illinois Serious Traffic Violation
A serious traffic violation tends to involve willful disregard for public safety, death, serious bodily injury, damage to property and multiple minor traffic violations. In Illinois, traffic ticket fines, court costs, and surcharges vary by violation and county court. On top of the fines and surcharges, the IL Secretary of State (SOS) may add points to your Illinois driving record. In serious cases, you could have your license suspended, revoked, or canceled.
Illinois Conviction Records
A conviction record is an official document providing information that a person was found guilty, pleaded guilty or pleaded no contest against criminal charges in a civilian or military court. These criminal charges are classified as a felony, misdemeanor or other offense. Conviction includes a person who has been judged as a delinquent or has been less than honorably discharged or placed on probation, fined, imprisoned or paroled. A criminal conviction is rendered by either a jury of peers or a judge in a court of law. A conviction does not include a final judgment by a pardon, set aside, reversed or otherwise rendered inoperative.
Illinois Jail and Inmate Records
Jail and inmate records are official documents of information about a person’s current and sometimes past inmate status. A person who is in jail or considered an inmate is someone deprived of his/her civil liberties while on trial for a crime, or a person serving a prison sentence after being convicted of a crime. Like most states, the Illinois Department of Corrections
maintains an inmate database that is searchable online. These records often include the inmate’s name, incarceration date, expected release date, convicted offense and sometimes photos.
Illinois Parole Information
Parole records are an official document that includes information about the release of a prisoner who agreed to certain conditions before completion of their maximum sentence. While the prisoner is on supervised parole, the board shall require, as a condition of parole, that they pay a monthly supervision fee of not less than $30, unless the board agrees to accept a lower fee after determining the inability of the prisoner to pay. The board may also impose any conditions of parole it seems right to make sure the best interests of the prisoner and the citizens of Illinois are served.
Illinois Probation Records
Probation records are official documents that show when a person receives probation as an alternative to prison. Probation allows people convicted of a crime in Illinois to serve their sentences out of custody, as long as they follow probation conditions imposed by the judge and probation officer. Probation is issued in proportion to the crime, so the length and nature of probation differ (sometimes drastically) from case to case. Probation typically falls into three categories: minimally supervised, supervised and intensive. Intensive probation is a form of very strict probation with conditions that emphasize punishment and control of the offender within the community.
Illinois Juvenile Criminal Records
A juvenile criminal record is an official record of information about criminal activity committed by children or adolescents who are not yet of legal adult age. Juveniles are not considered convicted of a crime like an adult but instead, are found “adjudicated delinquent”. These criminal records are often thought to be erased or expunged once a person becomes of legal adult age, but in fact, the record remains unless the person petitions to have it expunged. If a person was found adjudicated delinquent to a criminal offense, they do not have to respond “yes” if asked whether they have ever been convicted of a crime, unless the question specifically asks if they were ever adjudicated delinquent as well.
Illinois History and Accuracy of Criminal Records
The accuracy of criminal records data depends on the recordkeeping and technological capabilities of the jurisdiction where the record was assembled and later digitized. The criminal records archives for Illinois usually tend to go back as far as the 1970s—which marked the earliest efforts to centralize and compile criminal and arrest data into an organized database much like we use today. Accuracy was more commonly affected by human errors in the past. However, in the 1990s, the quality and accuracy of record keeping improved exponentially due to computers. As a result, the information provided on StateRecords.org will vary from person to person.
Illinois Megan’s Law
Megan's Law is the term for state laws that create and keep up a sex offender registry, which provides information on registered sex offenders to the public. The first Megan's Law appeared after the rape and murder of 7-year-old New Jersey resident Megan Kanka by a sex offender who lived in the girl's own neighborhood. Soon after passage of this first Megan's Law, the federal government enacted a requirement, mandating all states to set up sex offender registries
and offer the public information about those registered.
The state of Illinois mandates the registration of any adult or juvenile found guilty of committing or attempting to commit any of the following offenses: forcible detention, if the victim is under 18 years of age, sexual exploitation of a child, sexual relations within families and exploitation of a child.